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Pew Research Center, Washington, D.C. (September 16, 2019).

BY LUIS NOE-BUSTAMANTEANTONIO FLORES AND SONO SHAH

An estimated 2.1 million Hispanics of Dominican origin lived in the United States in 2017, according to a Pew Research Center analysis of the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey. Dominicans in this statistical profile are people who self-identified as Hispanics of Dominican origin; this includes immigrants from Dominican Republic and those who trace their family ancestry to Dominican Republic.

Dominicans are the fifth-largest population of Hispanic origin living in the United States, accounting for 4% of the U.S. Hispanic population in 2017. Since 2000, the Dominican-origin population has increased 159%, growing from 797,000 to 2.1 million over the period. At the same time, the Dominican foreign-born population living in the U.S. grew by 106%, from 543,800 in 2000 to 1.1 million in 2017. By comparison, Mexicans, the nation’s largest Hispanic origin group, constituted 36.6 million, or 62%, of the Hispanic population in 2017.

IMAGE: PEW RESEARCH CENTER

Immigration status

  • Among Hispanics in the U.S., about 33% are foreign born, compared with 54% of U.S. Dominicans.
  • About 43% of foreign-born Dominicans have been in the U.S. for over 20 years, and 53% of foreign-born Dominicans are U.S. citizens.

Educational attainment

  • About 16% of U.S. Hispanics ages 25 and older have obtained at least a bachelor’s degree, compared with 18% of Dominicans.
  • Among Dominicans ages 25 and older, the U.S. born are more likely than the foreign born to have a bachelor’s degree or higher (28% vs. 15%).

Income

  • Among U.S. Hispanics, the median annual personal earnings for those ages 16 and older was $25,000, compared with $24,000 for Dominicans.
  • Looking at full-time, year-round workers, U.S. Hispanics earned $34,000 and Dominicans earned $32,000.

Poverty status

  • The share of U.S. Hispanics who live in poverty is 19%, compared with 22% of Dominicans.
  • About 23% of U.S.-born Dominicans live in poverty, as do 21% of foreign-born Dominicans.

Homeownership

  • The rate of homeownership among U.S. Hispanics (47%) is higher than the rate for Dominicans overall (27%).
  • Among Dominicans in the U.S., rates of homeownership are higher for the U.S. born than foreign born (32% vs. 26%).

Top states of residence

  • The Dominican population is concentrated in New York (42%), New Jersey (15%) and Florida (13%).

Age

  • The median age of U.S. Hispanics (29) is similar to that of Dominicans (30) and lower than that of the U.S. population (38).

Marital status

  • U.S. Hispanics ages 18 and older are more likely to be married (46%) than Dominicans (41%).
  • Among Dominicans ages 18 and older, those who are foreign born are more likely to be married than the U.S. born (48% vs. 25%).

Fertility

  • Some 7% of U.S. Hispanic women ages 15 to 44 gave birth in the 12 months prior to the July 2017 American Community Survey. That share is similar to the rate for Dominican women (7%).

Language

  • About 70% of U.S. Hispanics ages 5 and older speak only English at home or speak English at least “very well,” compared with 58% of Dominicans.
  • Similarly, 64% of Hispanic adults are English proficient, as are 51% of Dominican adults.

Facts on Hispanics of Dominican origin in the United States, 2017.” Pew Research Center, Washington, D.C. (September 16, 2019).

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